Last edited by Gardanos
Friday, April 24, 2020 | History

3 edition of Crop losses to rodent pests in Kerala found in the catalog.

Crop losses to rodent pests in Kerala

Punnen Kurian

Crop losses to rodent pests in Kerala

a pre-harvest survey in selected crop fields and survey on grain storage losses

by Punnen Kurian

  • 307 Want to read
  • 33 Currently reading

Published by Kerala Research Programme on Local Level Development, Centre for Development Studies in Thiruvananthapuram .
Written in English

    Places:
  • India,
  • Kerala.
    • Subjects:
    • Crop losses -- India -- Kerala.,
    • Rodents -- India -- Kerala.

    • Edition Notes

      StatementPunnen Kurian.
      SeriesDiscussion paper ;, no. 17, Discussion paper (Kerala Research Programme on Local Level Development) ;, no. 17.
      ContributionsKerala Research Programme on Local Level Development.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsMicrofiche 2004/60512 (S)
      The Physical Object
      FormatMicroform
      Pagination58 p.
      Number of Pages58
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL3333016M
      ISBN 108187621168
      LC Control Number2004312048

      reduce pests. Growing different crops in rotation also helps reduce the build-up of pests, especially those in the soil such as root-feeding insects and fungi. Rotations can reduce weed problems and increase the range of weed control methods that can be used. Prevention Many aspects of crop management are designed to prevent. Pest control is at least as old as agriculture, as there has always been a need to keep crops free from long ago as BC in Egypt, cats were used to control pests of grain stores such as rodents. Ferrets were domesticated by AD in Europe for use as mousers. Mongooses were introduced into homes to control rodents and snakes, probably by the ancient Egyptians. Origins of agriculture - Origins of agriculture - Pest and disease control in crops: Wherever agriculture has been practiced, pests have attacked, destroying part or even all of the crop. In modern usage, the term pest includes animals (mostly insects), fungi, plants, bacteria, and viruses. Human efforts to control pests have a long g: Kerala.


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Crop losses to rodent pests in Kerala by Punnen Kurian Download PDF EPUB FB2

Besides the crop losses, rodents inflict severe damage to perennials such as fruit and plantation crops, afforestation plantations, and range/grasslands. In exhaustive reviews on rodent damage, Sridhara and Tripathi () reported that apple, peach, pecan and plum experience 17–40%, 2–7%, –% and 1–2% rodent damage, respectively in Himachal Pradesh.

Crop Losses to rodent pests in Kerala: A pre-harvest survey in select crop fields and survey on grain storage losses (Abstract) Punnen Kurian* The situation in Kerala is not different from the rest of the world; may be it is even worse. Thus, despite the increase in chemical use, crop losses from insect pests, diseases, and weeds ranged between 5 and 10 % in wheat, 25 % in sugarcane, and 50 % in cotton (before the introduction of.

seasons influence not only crop planting schedules but also rodent breeding, mortal-ity and mobility. Successful damage control programmes have identified these seasonal trends and used the information to help de-termine when crops are most susceptible to damage and when rodent pests are most sus-ceptible to control.

Because habitats adjacentMissing: Kerala. Climate change and status of insect pests of vegetable crops in India Over the past years, annual rise in temperature with an average of 0 C, along with warming during post monsoon and winter season has led to exacerbation of pest problems like: Helicoverpa armigera: Vegetables, pulses and seed crops Spilosoma obliqua: Oilseeds and.

About % of the annual crop yield in India gets wasted because of pests, according to P.K. Chakrabarty, assistant director general (plant protection and biosafety) of the Indian Council of. Rodents cause immense losses to agricultural production globally. Of the living rodent species in the world, species occur in India.

However, only a little over a dozen species are regarded as pests in field and commensal situations. Losses caused by rodents vary from crop to crop, season to season and in different agro-climatic by: 1.

Crop losses to pests must be reduced in ways that are compatible with sustainable production, which requires pest control to be approached in a holistic manner with a focus on the entire agroecosystem.

Key to averting or minimizing crop losses to pests is a commitment, by government or other entities, to collect the data, Author: Thomas Culliney. Rice crop loss from insect pests in wetland and dryland environments of Asia with emphasis on the Philippines.

Insect Science and its Application J Site c haracterization for crop loss assessment Savary, S., F.A. Elazequi, K. Moody, J.A. Litsinger, and P.S. Teng. crop losses due to insect pests in certain crops. This situation has risen mainly due to elimination of natural enemies, resurgence of pests, development of insecticide resistance and out-break of secondary pests.

Distribution, nature of damage, life history of important key pests of crops and their management strategies are outlined hereunder. Economic losses per unit area (US$/ha) (Table 1) were estimated by dividing the economic losses caused by insect pests obtained for each crop by planted area.

The mean percentage of losses in production for all crops was obtained by multiplying the total loss in production by divided by the total yield of Size: KB. Dhaliwal GS, Arora R, Dhawan AK () Crop losses due to insect pests and determination of economic threshold levels.

In: Singh A, Trivedi TP, Sardana HR, Sharma OP, Sabir N (eds) Recent advances in integrated pest by:   Crop pathogens and pests reduce the yield and quality of agricultural production. They cause substantial economic losses and reduce food security at household, national and global by: Despite the impressive achievements and even greater potential in minimizing pest- related losses, only a handful of books have been published on the topic of host-plant resistance to insects.

This book fills this wide gap in the literature on breeding insect- resistant crops. Farmers lose an estimated average of 37% of their rice crop to pests and diseases every year. In addition to good crop management, timely and accurate diagnosis can significantly reduce losses.

If you are facing a problem in your crop and need help with diagnosis, seek. Pests of Pineapple and their Management Joy P.P., Anjana R. and Soumya K.K. Pests of Pineapple and Their Management.

Pineapple Research Station (Kerala Agricultural University), VazhakulamMuvattupuzha, Ernakulam, Kerala, India. Email: [email protected] 2 Figure 3. Life cycle of mealy bug (Annecke and Moran, )File Size: KB. assess the crop losses due to the insect pests of brinjal, Solanum melongena Linn.

The major insect pests recorded in the present study were jassid, Amrasca biguttula biguttula (Ishida); whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) and shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guen.

The crop (cultivar, Pusa purple long) was transplanted on July 08 in andFile Size: KB. Pests are living organisms that cause physical damage to man, animals and crops.

In other words, pests can be described as any organism capable of causing damage to crop plant. Types of Crop Pest. Important pests of crop plants are grouped into the following classes: Insects; Birds; Rodents; Monkeys; Man; Nematodes; Classification of Insect Pests.

The UK is the worst affected of significant wheat producers, with pest losses expected to more than double from 5% to 11%, and Canada will suffer the Missing: Kerala. weeds, pathogens and animal pests. Crop losses due to these harmful organisms can be substantial and may be prevented, or reduced, by crop protection measures.

An overview is given on different types of crop losses as well as on various methods of pest control developed during the last Size: KB. Crop Pest Surveillance System (CPSS) is a Web and Mobile based, ICT enabled pest surveillance Information System initiated by Department of Agriculture, Govt.

of Kerala. The system has been conceptualized, designed, developed and implemented by Indian Institute of Information Technology and Mangement - Kerala (under Department of IT and. Insect - Insect - Damage to growing crops: Insects are responsible for two major kinds of damage to growing crops.

First is direct injury done to the plant by the feeding insect, which eats leaves or burrows in stems, fruit, or roots. There are hundreds of pest species of this type, both in larvae and adults, among orthopterans, homopterans, heteropterans, coleopterans, lepidopterans, and.

Crop losses in pigeonpea due to insects Crop loss assessment is viewed as a prerequisite for pest management and suitable techniques have been evoloved for the estimation of losses caused by various pests on several crops (Chiarappa ; Pinstrup-Anderson et al. In India there are scattered reports that refer to crop loss assessments onFile Size: 45KB.

MAJOR PESTS AND DISEASES. Overview. Many insect and mites attack trees in Asia. Although some affect production in nearly all locations, many others are of only local significance. Relatively few species cause significant crop loss in their own right, and are only a problem when the population exceeds damaging thresholds.

Subba Reddy Palli Department Chair & State Entomologist S Agricultural Science Center North Lexington, KY [email protected] Once the crop is matured or fully ripen, they are cut and gathered (Reaping) which are collectively called as harvesting. Harvesting depends on many factors like season, crop variety, maturity period, etc.

Over-irrigation, irregular sunlight can prolong ripening of crop which thus delays the harvesting time. Early harvesting causes loss of.

FARMDATA is an online system for tracking and reporting crop production data, particularly for organic vegetable growers. The system can be used for keeping records on seeding, transplanting, harvest, cover crops, compost, fertilization, irrigation, pest scouting and spraying activities, packing, distribution and customer invoicing.

Although no exact estimates of total crop loss in India due to insects, diseases and weeds could be found, it is generally believed that on farm yield losses could range between 10–30%. In terms of monitory value, the losses due to these biotic factors account to near US$12 billion.

Plants may be considered pests, for example if they are invasive is no universal definition of what makes a plant a pest. Some governments, such as that of Western Australia, permit their authorities to prescribe as a pest plant "any plant that, in the local government authority's opinion, is likely to adversely affect the environment of the district, the value of property in the Missing: Kerala.

Plant pests and diseases Australia is lucky to be free from many of the world’s most damaging plant pests. Exotic plant pests are capable of damaging our natural environment, destroying our food production and agriculture industries, and some could change our way of life.

Rationale and concepts of crop loss assessment for improving pest management and crop protection. Measurement of disease and pathogens. Measurement of insect pest populations and injury.

Modeling of crop growth and yield for loss assessment. Disease progress curves, their mathematical description and analysis to formulate predictors for loss equations. environmental and cultural methods, horticulture, India, pest management, pre- and post-harvest crop losses, poultry farms, rodent, rodenticide, South Asia, trapping Abstract Eighteen species of rodents are pests in agriculture, horticulture, forestry, animal and human dwellings and.

3 Yield Loss 48 Introduction 48 Approaches and Objectives 48 Measurement of Yield Loss 49 Pest intensity 49 Types of pest damage 50 Measures of yield and yield loss 52 Crop Loss Surveys 53 Plant Growth Analysis and Modelling 55 Crop growth models 58 Modelling plant physiological processes Pests have caused losses in virtually an unlimited number of crops.

A swarm of pests could ruin a whole season’s worth of planting and careful cultivation, leading to financial loss. It comes as no surprise that pesticides and pest control management strategies are given much importance by farmers.

Integrated Pest Management: Current Concepts and Ecological Perspective presents an overview of alternative measures to traditional pest management practices using biological control and biotechnology. The removal of some highly effective broad-spectrum chemicals, caused by concerns over environmental health and public safety, has resulted in the development of alternative, reduced risk crop.

Insect pests inflict damage to humans, farm animals and crops. Insect pests have been defined by Williams () as any insect in the wrong place.

Depending on the structure of the ecosystem in a given area and man's view point, a certain insect might or might not be considered a Size: KB. Crop Loss Assessment and Pest Management th Edition by P.

Teng (Editor) ISBN ISBN Why is ISBN important. ISBN. This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book Format: Paperback.

Crop losses due to diseases and their implications for global food production losses and food security Article in Food Security December DOI: /s CITATIONS 34 READS 6, 4 authors, including: Andrea Ficke Bioforsk 19 PUBLICATIONS CITATIONS SEE PROFILE Jean-Noël Aubertot French National Institute for Missing: Kerala.

KENDRAPARA: A debt-ridden farmer of Rajnagar committed suicide by consuming poison allegedly over crop loss due to pest attack on farmer, Ramachandra Barik (41) of Nurugaon village. Crop Loss Assessment and Pest Management Hardcover – Septem by P.S.

Teng (Author) See all 2 formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Price New from Used from Hardcover "Please retry" $ $ $ Paperback "Please retry" Cited by:.

ns the different agrifield techniques like tillage, irrigation, propagation, crop pest management etc. 3. describes and practices the production technology of important crops of Kerala.

4. identifies and diagnoses the causes of damage in plants. 5. manages pests of important crops cultivated in Kerala in an ecofriendly manner (I PDM).File Size: KB.Yield losses due to major insect pests in vegetables in India Crop/Pest Yield loss (%) Crop/Pest Yield loss (%) TOMATO CABBAGE Fruit borer (Helicoverpa armigera) DBM (Plutella xylostella) BRINJAL Cabbage caterpillar (Peiris brasicae) 69 Fruit and shoot borer (Leucinodes orbonalis) Cabbage leaf webber (Crocidolomia binotalis).Trap crops reduce or prevent large numbers of pest arthropods from feeding on cash crops.

o A trap crop is one the bugs prefer to the main crop. It is planted to "trap" the pests and keep them away from the main crop. o Trap crops are used to protect the main crop from a pest or a variety of pests. o The trap crop can be a different plant File Size: KB.